Bhir Mound, first city of Taxila

excavations report 1998-2002

Publisher: Govt. of Pakistan, Dept. of Archaeology and Museums & National Fund for Cultural Heritage in Lahore

Written in English
Published: Pages: 222 Downloads: 487
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Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references (p. 218-222).

StatementMuhammad Bahadar Khan... [et al.].
ContributionsKhan, Muhammad Bahadar., Pakistan. Dept. of Archaeology & Museums., Pakistan. Ministry of Culture, Sports and Youth Affairs. National Fund for Cultural Heritage.
The Physical Object
Pagination222 p., [32] p. of plates :
Number of Pages222
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16272619M
LC Control Number2006333959

  Remains of Bhir Mound – the first ancient city of Taxila (6th century BC). The earliest city, Bhir Mound, dates back to the sixth century B.C. Its irregular streets, cramped houses and mediocre public building indicate its primitive origins. Round Stupa at the Sirkap ancity of Taxila . Bhir Mound is situated 2 km east of Taxila. Photo: Dawoodmajoka, Public domain. Sirkap. Archaeological site. Sirkap is the name of an archaeological site on the bank opposite to the city of Taxila, Punjab, Pakistan. Sirkap is situated 3½ km northeast of Taxila. Photo: Wikimedia, CC0. Taxila, the capital of the great Gandhara civilisation, was also known as the ‘city of artisans’ after its craftsmen who produced the rich, glorious and distinct Gandhara art. Google Earth image of the ruins of Sirkap, the 2nd city of Taxila.

Those of our readers familiar with the archaeology of India, and no one has done more in this country to instruct us than our late Trustee and Advisory Editor, Sir Mortimer Wheeler, will know that the famous city of Taxila was supposed, from the days of Sir John Marshall onwards, to consist of three successive cities, beginning with Bhir mound, about BC, through Sirkap, an Indo-Greek city. Your guide will meet you at your hotel. Drive to Taxila and visit some of its famous Buddhist sites and Stupas, Dharmarajika Stupa, Bhir mound, Sirkap, Sirsukh, Jaulian monastery and an interesting museum depicting different life scenes of Lord Buddha. The history of Taxila spans about years ( BC to AD). Importance of GT Road, Taxila from Major Locations Nearby. Taxila Cantonment Junction Railway Station, a minute drive; Taxila Museum, 14 minutes’ drive away; Bhir Mound City Walls, almost a minute drive; HITEC University Taxila Cantt, about 13 minutes’ drive away; Royalson Hotel & Restaurant is barely a minute drive. Bhir Mound The Bhir mound, remains of a fortified city in Taxila, dates back to the period between the 6th century BCE and 2nd century BC. The remains of the city suggest that the place was located on the trade route of central Asia and therefore, was a prey to all the foreigners on their way to south Asia.

  Sirkap was founded by the Bactrian King Demetrius, who conquered the region in the s BCE, and was the second city of Taxila. The city was rebuilt by King Menander, and after the Bhir Mound site was abandoned Sirkap became the main city of Taxila, in the 2nd century BC. Taxila Ancient Ruins Tour, Sightseeing in Taxila, Visit Taxila Archaeological, museum and sites. Trip to Taxila to explore Buddhist Historical Heritages. Top tourist attractions are, Taxila, Museum, Khanpur Cave, Saraikala, prehistoric mound, Bhir Mound, Sirkap (fortified city), Sirsukh (fortified ruined city), Dharmarajika stupa and monastery, Khader Mohra (Akhuri), Kalawan group of buildings. Vajji (Sanskrit: Vṛji) or Vrijji was a confederacy of neighbouring clans including the Licchavis and one of the principal mahājanapadas of Ancient India. The area they ruled constitutes the region of Mithila in northern Bihar and their capital was the city of Vaishali.[59] - sing: Bhir Mound.

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Bhir Mound: | | ||| | The ruins of Bhir Mound, Taxila, Pakistan | World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and. Context. The Bhir Mound archaeological remains represent one stage of the historic city of Taxila.

The first town in Taxila was situated in the Hathial mound in the southwest corner of the Sirkap site. Bhir Mound - History Panjab. Taxila lost its independence and became a mere provincial capital. Still, the city remained extremely important as centre of administration, education and trade.

During the reign of Chandragupta's grandson Ashoka, Buddhism became important and the first monks settled in Taxila. Ashoka is said to have resided.

Bhir Mound During the reign of Chandragupta's grandson Ashoka, Buddhism became important and the first monks settled in Taxila. They built the stupa called Dharmarajika, "the tomb of the real law lord", i.e., the Buddha, because Ashoka had sent relics to several.

Bhir Mound (6th-2nd centuries B.C.) The Bhir mound is all that remains of a thriving city that flourished from the 6th to the 2nd centuries B.C. Built on a small plateau in the open fields, the city took advantage of the various trade routes crisscrossing central Asia. Though fortified, the city.

Bhir Mound The earliest city of Bhir Mound dates from the 6 th century BC Bhir Mound period to 2 nd Century BC Bactrian-Greek period. It was built on a small plateau in the open fields and situated on the ancient trade route. Earliest findings of the city as evidence included.

Taxila was known in Pali as Takkasilā, and in Sanskrit as तक्षशिला (Takshashila, IAST: Takṣaśilā; "City of Cut Stone").The Greeks pared the city's name down to Taxila which became the name that the Europeans were familiar with ever since the time of Alexander the Great.

Takshashila can also alternately be translated to "Rock of Taksha" in reference to the Ramayana which. The Bhir Mound is the oldest of the ruins of Taxila in the Punjab province of Pakistan. Excavation Of Bhir Mound The ruins of Bhir Mound were excavated from by Sir John Marshall. The work was continued by Sir Mortimer Wheeler in and by Dr.

Mohammad Sharif in Sirkap was Bhir Mound by the Bactarian King Demetrius, who conquered the region in the s BCE, and was the second city of Taxila.

The city was rebuilt by King Menander, and after the Bhir Mound site. Ruins of the ancient Bhir Mound, Taxila, Pakistan, 3rd century BC. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images.

What. accounting; airport; amusement park; art gallery; Arts & Entertainment; Atm; Automotive. The locally considered first city at Taxila is found on the "Bhir Mound" just south of the modern museum (see below).

(In fact, archeologists have located an even earlier urban site dating back to BC on the opposite site of the Tamra rivulet, yet there is much more to see on the Bhir Mound that conists of a nubmer of "layers" correspondig.

the first city, bhir mound The site of Bhir Mound The Bhir Mound is considered to have been the oldest settlement in Taxila, the foundation of which goes back to the 6th century B.C.E.

under the rule of the Achaemenids. Download this stock image: Pakistan - Taxila. Ruins of 'ancient Bhir Mound, III century BC - CP5F8B from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors.

Media in category "Bhir Mound, Taxila" The following 47 files are in this category, out of 47 total. 'By @ibneAzhar'-Bhir Mound yr Old 1st City of Taxila-Pakistan (1).JPG 2, × 1,; MB. The locally considered first city at Taxila is found on the "Bhir Mound" just south of the modern museum (see below).

(In fact, archeologists have located an even earlier urban site dating back to BC on the opposite site of the Tamra rivulet, yet there is much more to see on the Bhir Mound that conists of a nubmer of "layers" correspondig to developmetns descirbed below.

Taxila, also known as the Ancient Gandhāran city of Takshashila, is an ancient site in the Punjab Province of Pakistan dating back as far as the sixth century BC. One of the factors which make Taxila such a significant archeological site is the fact that, over its five century lifespan, it witnessed the evolution of numerous civilizations Missing: Bhir Mound.

The Oldest ruler of Taxila, the Takshakas therir modern descendants being Taka ribe, whose name originated from their worship of Takila, i.e. serpents, have given rise to the name of the cty, Taxila, correctly Taksha-sila, i.e. the hill capital of the Takshakas, the exact Persian translation of which id Margalla, correctly Mar (serpent)-I-Qila (fort).it is on the western side of the Margalla Missing: Bhir Mound.

Literally meaning “City of Cut Stone” or “Rock of Taksha,” Takshashila (rendered by Greek writers as Taxila) was founded, according to the Indian epic Ramayana, by Bharata, younger brother of Rama, an incarnation of the Hindu god Vishnu.

The city was named for Bharata’s son Taksha, its first ruler. The Bhir Mound was first excavated from by Sir John Marshall, the head of the Archaeological Survey of India, who also oversaw the excavations at Harappa and Mohenjodaro.

Interestingly, Marshall came to the Bhir Mound project soon after his work in Athens, expecting to find a Greek city in Taxila as the region was once under the.

(Shahpur Rd, Bhir Mound City Walls, Taxila, Rawalpindi) Archaeological Museum, Taxila is situated Kilometer northeast of Taxila Railway Station and 35 Kilometer North West of Islamabad. Its foundation stone was laid in by Lord Chelmsford, the then Viceroy and Governor-General of British India, while the opening ceremony was performed.

Bhir Mound Bhir Mound is the oldest site of ancient Taxila that has been exhumed numerous times over the last century. It contains of several layers of ruins – the earliest dating back to the 5th century. It had its importance as being the center of administration, education and trade.

Jain Temple. Bhir Mound. Bhir Mound is the oldest city site of ancient Taxila and has been excavated numerous times over the last century for different reasons. This site is the second city of ancient Taxila and is currently known as Sirkap.

The site was excavated first in under the supervision of Sir John Marshall and again in by Sir. Anyone who produces replicas is sentenced to imprisonment and subject to fines. According to Prof Dr Mohammad Ashraf Khan, a former director of the Taxila Institute of Asian Civilisation, roots of these carvers can be traced back to ancient Gandhara as they live between two ancient cities today known as Bhir Mound (the first city of Taxila) and Sirkap (the second city).

Bhir Mound. The Bhir Mound is the oldest of the ruins of Taxila in the Punjab province of Pakistan. The ruins of Bhir Mound were excavated from by Sir John Marshall. The work was continued by Sir Mortimer Wheeler in and by Dr.

Mohammad Sharif in Bhir Mound dates from the 6th century BCE. The second city of Taxila is located at Sirkap and was built by Greco-Bactrian kings in the 2nd century BCE. The third and last city of Taxila is at Sirsukh and relates to the Kushan kings.

In addition to the ruins of the city, a number of Buddhist monasteries and stupas also belong to the Taxila area. Preface Two Separate Hoards of Silver Punch-marked Coins are described in this Memoir. They were both found in the Bhir-Mound at Taxila. the Larger Find of silver coins of the Older Class inwhich are described in Part I and the Smaller Find of debased-silver coins of the Later Class inwhich are described in Part II.

In each case the date of the deposit of the hoard is. The main cities of Taxila are: 1: Birmound or Bhir Mound [7th century BC to 2nd Century BC] ( – B.C) The first city site known as "Bhir Mound" flourished before the arrival of the Greeks.

It is situated on a small plateau past Tamra Nala, a seasonal stream. The layout of the city is very haphazard. Bhir Mound Bhir Mound is the oldest site of ancient Taxila that has been exhumed numerous times over the last century.

It contains of several layers of ruins – the earliest dating back to the 5th century. It had its importance as being the center of. After the Bhir Mound site was abandoned, Sirkap became the major city of Taxila in the 2nd century B.C. The city is heavily influenced by Greek city planning principles introduced to the area after Alexander's conquest in the 3rd century B.C.

Now a ruin, the city once boasted a 6-meter thick, 5 kilometer long defensive wall made of course rubble. that Bhir mound was the first city, dating from the fifth century b.c.; that the main occupation shifted to Sirkap early in the second century b.c. when Taxila came un-der the power of the Indo-Greeks; and that it shifted again to Sirsukh at the end of the first century a.d.

under the Kusãnas. The principal, substantial additions to this se. Sir John Marshall () was a British archaeologist who was the Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India from to First published inas the fourth edition of a original, this book was written to provide a concise guide to the ruins of Taxila, excavation of which was led by Marshall.

The introductory chapters give the topographical and historical.Bhir Mound. Archaeological evidence shows that Taxila comprised three major cities.

Bhir Mound was the first of these and contains the oldest ruins from the 5 th and 6 th century BC to the 2 nd century BC. The city shows early construction of wood and stone houses with mud plaster and a central main street amidst the dwellings on its eastern side.